Borgne



The large rugged mountains that are typical of Haiti characterize the physical geography of Borgne and the surrounding community. The town center is situated on a small peninsula that is bordered on the east by a small bay and the west by two small rivers that adjoin just south of the town center and flow as one larger river into the sea¹.

It is an agricultural and fishing community situated on Haiti’s northern peninsula. The population, including the central village (Obòy) and the surrounding villages and habitations, is estimated at 80,000. Located about thirty miles west of Cap-Haitien, it is accessible only by one marginal road that passes through the main village. Recent upgrades to the road between Cap Haitien and Oboy have greatly relieved the burden of transport – but it remains an isolated community².

As in most of Haiti, the region is densely populated. Rural families are engaged in individual subsistence agriculture or fishing. Dozens of varieties of crops are grown, from sugar cane to corn, rice, plantains, bananas, oranges, mangos tubers and beans.

There is widespread poverty. Most of the population lacks access to electricity, running water and phone service.

But it is a community that is rich in culture, pride, music, craft and religion.

The people of Borgne are working towards building infrastructure, increasing accessibility and improving health and education.

-1 Marcklinger, Craig J., “Community Environmental Preservation Initiatives in Borgne, Haiti” (2011). FIU Electronic Theses and
Dissertations. Paper 403. http://digitalcommons.fiu.edu/etd/403

-2 http://www.hopehaiti.org/about.cfm?subpage=471937

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